Good language isn't simply about picking words that work, it's about picking the right words and understanding why they work. Our language, thanks to finance, business, and government jargon, has diluted into a muddle of close-enoughs, complex words of meaningless dribble, bad synonyms, and a general laziness when it comes to the particulars of words. If you're working with math, you simplify—you won't write an integral function where a simpler equation suits better; language is no different.
I can't nitpick every word and mistake and misspelling here—if you want a reference book for most uncertainties, get Garner's Modern English Usage (highly recommended). Let's begin with something basic: The government utilizes taxes to support itself and its people. At this current moment in time I am hungry, but the unfavorable weather that has set in keeps me from running to the deli. Grammatically, those sentences are fine, but stylistically they are agonizing. Utilize is a bad word that we use because use doesn't sound smart enough. At this current moment in time or any of its variants are wordy and weak synonyms for now (most of the time it can be cut out altogether). Unfavorable weather sounds like a student attempting intelligence by dodging the simpler alternative: rain. Here are the revisions: The government uses taxes to support itself and its people. I am hungry, but the rain keeps me from running to the deli.
It is no fault of our progressive society that, despite trying for political correctness and proper treatment of all humans, we still fall to the deeply objective treatment of any man or woman who does something—anything!—whatsoever. Is it because, deep down, we all harbor unsettling misanthropy? Or are we just lazy? Whether referring to ol' Brenda down the street, Uncle Charles, or even Steve, they are all human, and all deserve to be treated as such.
What am I getting at: equality, progressive ideals, liberalism, some form of humanism? Hell no. I'm getting at this: when referring to a person (no matter the stature), use who and whom, not that or which. Don't say The man that shot the rooster is bad, but The man who shot the rooster is bad. Same goes for women, kids, grandparents, and whoever identifies as human. And for anything else, use that. The fine lady, who was dressed in all black, wrote with a pen that stuck painfully to her fist.